71. 사랑하다: to love 72. 좋아하다: to like 73. 싫어하다: to hate, dislike 74. 결혼하다: to marry 75. 축하하다: to congratulate 76. 걱정하다: to worry 77. 약속하다: to promise 78. 거짓말하다: to lie 79. 고백하다: to confess 80. 죄송하다: to be sorry
Do you know of a very good virtual hanguel keyboard? I'm only borrowing a computer, so I can't incorporate one into the actual keyboard right now, and the ones I find via google all seem to have problems (like throwing a random space in between the rest of the word and ㅣ- it's very annoying!)
Keeping Your Language Studies A Priority When Life Gets Busy
Things are getting hectic lately - university assignment due dates are creeping closer every day, juggling multiple part time jobs, trying to stay on top of my uni studies - studying Korean has fallen off my to-do list as of late. This got my thinking ~ how do you avoid dropping the ball with your language studies, particularly when it feels like you just don’t have time for it?
My first strategy is to enrol in a Korean class - I’m currently attending a 2hr/week community college Korean class, so while I don’t do a lot of study outside the class, it guarantees I do at least a little Korean work each week. It keeps me thinking about the language and I still learnt a few new things each week.
Another strategy I use it to stick post-it notes or flash cards with vocabulary on them around the house - so then each morning and night while I’m brushing my teeth or washing the dishes I can have a look over them and revise some vocab. While its not a great way to learn a lot of vocab quickly, it keeps me thinking about Korean - and I’ll always remember 초대 means invitation after looking at it every morning for 3 weeks!
Alternatively you could ensure you allocate just 5 or 10 minutes each day just to review your past notes, or learn a new word. My next challenge is to learn a new word each day and note it down along with its definition and some example sentences.
Finally, regardless of how busy I am, I usually have time to watch an episode of Running Man each week, watch some new Kpop MV’s or read the latest Korean entertainment gossip (ㅋㅋ). It keeps me motivated and interested in both the language and culture, and thus I’m more likely to make time for my studies since I enjoy it ;)
Essentially, the point is to keep the language in the front of your mind, because if you let it go for a few weeks it’ll be harder to get back on track later on.
What are you strategies for making you language studies a priority when life starts to get in the way?
While you can transform verbs into nouns but using +기 as looked at before, you can also use -는 것. We add it to the verb stem when using present tense. For past tense we use -(으)ㄴ 것, and for future tense use -(으)ㄹ 것.
Examples 내일 이름 일어나는 것은 알아요? Do you know we are getting up early tomorrow?
편지를 받는 것를 좋아해요 I like receiving letters
요즘 일하는 것을 어디예요? Where is it you are working recently?
Thought I’d share a technique from my 선생님 to help with writing skills ^^ Each week we are given a topic to write 3-5 sentences on, thinking about the following questions -
Who - 누가
When - 언제
Where - 어디서
What - 무엇을
How - 어떻게
Why - 왜
For some examples you can see my paragraphs on Family and Health. When writing my paragraphs, I try not to limit myself to vocabulary I already know, instead looking up new vocab on Naver to put in and try to practice some new grammar points. After I’ve completed my paragraph, I’ll list the new vocab and grammar points to try and reinforce them in my brain ^_^
In class we read out our paragraphs to the rest of the class to help with our Korean speaking skills, but you could also just read aloud or perhaps record yourself. Here’s some topic ideas to get you started ~~
Learn Hangul For anyone considering studying Korean, the absolute first thing you should do is learn Hangul. I love Hangul, its beautiful and logical and just…ahh ^^. There’s no reason you can’t learn it, I used the book ‘Yes! You Can Learn Korean Language Structure in 40 Minutes’ (~$15) which was quite good and explained concepts well. If you knuckle down you can easily learn it in a day or two, and then you don’t have to use those horrible romanizations (if there’s one thing I hate it’s Korean textbooks which use romanizations - instant turnoff!)
Use all the resources that you have available No textbook or website is perfect (although TalktomeinKorean is close! ^^) and there isn’t a ‘right’ way to learn Korean - so don’t restrict yourself. Learning a language doesn’t have to mean constantly slaving over the same textbook, there’s tons of resources out there that can help with Korean ~ websites, books, newspapers, music, television shows, etc. Listen out for new vocab in that great new Big Bang song! (ㅋㅋㅋ) Read a short cartoon in the Korean paper! Watch a Kdrama! There’s a whole world of ways to advance your Korean, so mix things up ^^
[Hopefully I’ll get around to making a list soon of online Korean resources soon :)]
Know your strengths and weaknesses One of my high school teachers once said “Know what you know and know what you don’t know”, which I always thought was good advice. Personally I’m much better at reading/writing Korean compared to speaking/listening - so I know that its something I have to focus on more. By knowing what your weaknesses are, you can work towards making them strengths ;)
Find something to keep you motivated! If you want to have any chance of success in self-studying Korean or any other language, you’re going to have to find something that will keep you motivated, whether it’s Korean culture, Kpop, your family or friends, or something else entirely.
For a long time I probably never would have been able to have stuck with Korean if I didn’t have the motivation of my Korean boyfriend and his family - it was because of them I first started learning Korean. Now it’s become more than that, I learn Korean for the language itself, the culture, Kpop, the country, because I want to live and work there one day, because I enjoy it. But without all these ties and motivation I wouldn’t suceed at learning Korean.
Hangukdrama wrote a great post about creating links with a language — check it out here ^^
Avoid getting stuck in a language rut You know those times, whether studying Korean or a subject at uni, and you feel like you’re getting no where? I hate those times :-| I feel like I’m not absorbing any new vocab or grammar and ask myself “Am I even getting anywhere with this?” Never fear! You’re just stuck in a language rut, and truth is, you probably are getting somewhere, we often just don’t realise it.
Try looking back on some of your earlier work or exercises - do you think you could’ve understood them a week/month/year ago? Probably not - you have learnt something! Sometimes you just need a reminder that you are getting better and to remember that Rome wasn’t built in a day - and you’re not going to be fluent overnight. Self-studying is difficult and time-consuming, but with the right effort and attitude you’ll get there ;)
What’s your best tip to keep yourself motivated or get out of a rut?
Arirang Korean Basics 1 was my first Korean textbook I got and used to self-study, and its quite a good one ^^ Korean Basics 1 is broken up into 65 units (2-3 pages each), each with a dialogue, key vocabulary, grammar focus points, revision practice and an insight into Korean culture, such as historical figures, Korean food and modern Korea.
The dialogues are realistic and useful, and the pronunciation for difficult vocabulary is provided. My favourite part of the book is the grammar section - the points are explained well and have good examples. The book also comes with a CD which reads out the dialogues - while it’s nice to hear them out loud, each track is only ~20sec long and almost half of that is the intro music :-/
Korean Basics 1 is ideal for a beginner who has mastered Hangul, and a great introduction to Korean grammar - and for ₩12,000 is a good price too ^^
Arirang Korean Basics 1 ~ Language Education Institute Seoul National University and ‘Let’s Speak Korean’ Rating: 4/5